Gum disease

Posted by Valerie Mukanga Sep 05,2022

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is one of the most common dental health problems in the world. In fact, it affects almost half of all adults to some degree. It’s even more prevalent in adults over 65.

Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue and the bones that support your teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be treated with a professional cleaning and proper oral hygiene at home. However, periodontitis is a more serious form of gum disease that may require more aggressive treatment.


Patients often don’t notice symptoms of gum disease until they have advanced. However, there are some symptoms you can watch for. The most common symptoms of gum disease include:

- Gums that are red, swollen, or tender to touch

- Teeth that appear longer, or that have shifted position in the mouth

- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth, or that are pulling away from each other

- Bad breath that isn’t resolved by brushing or flossing


Gingivitis – The mildest form of periodontal disease, gingivitis is caused by excessive plaque buildup. Plaque, a sticky film made up of bacteria and food particles, collects on your teeth and along the gum line. When plaque is left on the teeth it irritates the gums, making them inflamed and more susceptible to infection.

Plaque buildup around the teeth can cause chronic gingivitis, which is when the gums are swollen, red and painful. This stage of gum disease is highly preventable with good oral hygiene, like daily brushing and flossing.

Diagnosis and treatment

During a dental exam, our dentist will closely examine your gums to check for signs of gum disease. They will look for gum inflammation, gum recession, bleeding, and gum pocketing. X-rays can be used to identify bone loss, which is a sign of more advanced gum disease.

If our dentist finds signs of gum disease, they will recommend a deep cleaning to get your oral health back on track. Deep cleaning for gum disease treatment involves removing plaque and tartar buildup from under the gum line. A deep cleaning may be all that is needed to treat gum disease, but in some cases, gum disease can increase the risk of other oral health issues, so we may refer you to a periodontist for further treatment.


The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes each time. Flossing is also important to remove plaque from between the teeth and under the gum line.

In addition to maintaining a good oral hygiene routine at home, you should visit your dentist at least twice a year for exams and cleanings.

You should also avoid tobacco products. These can cause gum disease and increase your risk for oral cancer.


To treat gum disease, we can remove the plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth. Once clean, we will smooth the roots of your teeth and attach gum tissue or tissue grafts. This tissue grows over the exposed root surface, protecting it from bacteria buildup in the future.


Gum disease is a common problem affecting millions of people. Also known as periodontal disease, it occurs when plaque builds up in your mouth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on your teeth. When plaque builds up, the bacteria eats away at your gums, causing them to become inflamed and infected. If left untreated, gum disease leads to tooth loss.


Gum disease is a common problem.

It develops when bacteria build up in the mouth. This can cause infection, irritation, and gum disease. __________________________________________________


Gum disease, or periodontitis, is a very common disease, affecting 80% of adults. It occurs when bacteria builds up on the teeth, causing infection. This infection can lead to inflammation in the gums and jawbone. Gum disease can lead to a lot of uncomfortable symptoms, including:

- Red, swollen gums

- Bleeding gums

- Bad breath

- Loose teeth

- Receding gums

- Gum sensitivity

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a common oral health problem. It’s caused by plaque building up around the and below the gum line. This plaque contains bacteria that irritates the gums and causes them to pull away from the teeth. This causes pockets to form around the teeth where debris can get stuck.

disease is an infection

Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup at the gum line. When plaque hardens into tartar, it can cause the gums to become inflamed. Over time, the gums can eventually pull away from the surface of the teeth, creating pockets where bacteria can grow and toxins can enter the bloodstream.

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